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Asian Development Bank

Chapter 6 Communities and participation

Further reading

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I. Abarquez and Z. Murshed, Community-Based Disaster Risk Management: Field Practitioners’ Handbook (Bangkok: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, 2004),
M. Arnold et al., Climate and Disaster Resilience: The Role for Community-driven Development (Washington DC: The World Bank, Social Development Department, (2014),
T. Cannon, ‘The Myth of Community?’, in IFRC, World Disasters Report 2014: Focus on Culture and Risk (Geneva: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 2014,
I. Davis and Z. Murshed, Critical Guidelines: Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (Bangkok: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, 2006),
Environment & Urbanization, Vol. 23, No.2, October 2011: issue on community-driven disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in urban areas
E. Gogoi et al., How To Scale Out Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change (London: Climate and Development Knowledge Network, 2014),
S. Gupta and S. Purushothaman (eds), What Communities Want: Putting Community Resilience Priorities on the Agenda for 2015 (New York: Huairou Commission, 2013),
A. Heijmans, The Social Life of Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction: Origins, Politics and Framing, Disaster Studies and Management Working Paper 20 (London: UCL Hazard Centre, 2009),
IFRC, World Disasters Report 2004: Focus on Community Resilience (Geneva: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 2004),
IFRC, World Disasters Report 2014: Focus on Culture and Risk. Chapter 4: The Myth of Community (Geneva: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 2014),
IIRR and Cordaid, Building Resilient Communities: A Training Manual on Community-Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (Silang: International Institute for Rural Reconstruction and Cordaid, 2013), 

     Four volumes:

     1. CMDRR Training, Design and Implementation 
     2. CMDRR Concepts, Principles and Practice
     3. Facilitating CMDRR Method and Process
     4. Sustaining CMDRR
A. Lavell and C. Lavell, Local Disaster Risk Reduction: Lessons from the Andes (Lima: PREDECAN, 2009),
A. Maskrey, ‘Revisiting Community-based Disaster Risk Management’, Environmental Hazards, vol. 10, no. 1, 2011,
NRRC, Flagship 4 Handbook: Nepal’s 9 Minimum Characteristics of a Disaster Resilient Community (Kathmandu: Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium, 2013),
J. Twigg, Characteristics of a Disaster-Resilient Community(London: DRR Interagency Coordination Group, 2009, 2nd edition),
J. Twigg and H. Bottomley, Disaster Risk Reduction: Inter-Agency Group Learning Review(London: DRR Interagency Co-ordination Group, 2011).
P. Venton et al., Turning Practice into Policy: Linking Good Practice Community-based Disaster Risk Management with Government Policy and Practice (Teddington: Tearfund, 2007)

Participatory approaches

M. B. Anderson, D. Brown and I. Jean, Time To Listen: Hearing People on the Receiving End of International Aid (Cambridge, MA: CDA Collaborative Learning Projects, 2012),
N. Barry and J. Barham, Review of Existing Practices To Ensure Participation of Disaster-affected Communities in Humanitarian Aid (Wivenhoe: Aguaconsult, 2012,
R. Chambers, Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First Last (London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 1997).
Community Planning website:
Groupe URD, Participation Handbook for Humanitarian Field Workers, 2009,
M. Ibrahim and T. Midgley, Participatory Learning Approaches for Resilience: Bringing Conflict Sensitivity, Disaster Risk Reduction, and Climate Change Adaptation Together (Milton Keynes: World Vision UK, 2013),
G. Mansuri and V. Rao, Localizing Development: Does Participation Work? (Washington DC: World Bank, 2013),
Participatory Learning and Action, no. 60, 2009, ‘Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change’,
Participatory Methods website (Institute of Development Studies):
J. Twigg et al., Guidance Notes on Participation and Accountability in Disaster Reduction (London: Benfield Greig Hazard Research Centre, 2001),
N. Wates, The Community Planning Handbook (London: Earthscan, 2014, 2nd edition).
World Bank, The World Bank Participation Sourcebook (Washington DC: World Bank, 1996),